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Juniperus communis, Juniper (young shoot)

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    The young shoots  of Juniper are recognized to protect the liver, the kidneys (the urinary system), the osteo-articular apparatus, gastro-intestinal and the arteries (vascular apparatus).

    This macerate of young juniper shoots is certified organic by Ecocert (FR-BIO-01) and guaranteed 100% harvested and processed by us.

    Dosage

    Three week cure

    For gentle drainage, start the cure with a small dose of 5 drops in the morning and evening the first week, then 10 drops the second and finally 15 drops the third week.

    This macerate is not taken over the long term. Stop at least 1 month before resuming.

    Main indications

    Liver,

    Urinary system

    Osteo-articular apparatus

    Gastrointestinal tract

    Vascular apparatus

    I. General ailments

    Collagenosis, Dropsy, Chemotherapy poisoning, Atherosclerosis,

    Hodgkin's disease, increases hematocrit levels,

    II. metabolic system

    Diabetes mellitus, Dysplidemia, Dysmetabolic, Hypercholesterolemia (in association with Olea europa , Olive tree), Hyperglycemia, Obesity with steatotic liver disease

    III. Urogenital apparatus (often in association with Calluna vulgaris, , la Bruyère)

    Cystitis, Prostatic congestion, Dysmenorrhea, Renal drainage, Hyperazotemia, Leucorrhea, Chronic pielonephritis

    IV. Hepatobilliary apparatus (often in association with Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary)

    Cirrhosis, Hepatic colic, Hepatitis medicamentosa, Liver detoxifier, Esophageal and gastric varices, Liver tumor,

    IV. Vascular apparatus

    Polyarthritis, rheumatism, depurative (uric acid, cholesterol),

    V. Immune system

    Recurrent viruses (Citomegalovirus, mononucleosis)

    1.2.Indications at the mental level

    Purifier and protector (sacred plant of Apollo)

    Botanical

    Latin name:

    Juniperus communis

    Botany:

    Juniper is dioecious, from the Greek oikos house (some trees are female - generally smaller and in fewer numbers - and others are male)

    Juniperus communis is recognized by the single stomatal white stripe on the upper side of its leaves, unlike Juniperus oxycedrus , which has 2.

    Employee part:

    young shoots in spring

    Habitat :

    limestone or acid soils, moors, it is a precursor, colonizing tree that can adapt to extreme and varied conditions.

    Etymology:

    6.History

    Juniper is one of the sacred and protective plants of the Celts, Scandinavians (Thor) but also of the Greeks with Apollo, Hippocrates saved the Athenians from the plague thanks to large Juniper fires erected throughout the city. This plant used in fumigation was supposed to ward off evil spirits and clean up houses, which is always done. hospitals used fumigation against epidemics and mainly against smallpox in 1870.

    Hippocrates (5th century BC): plague

    Dioscorides (1st century): Cough, Asthma, Stomachache, snakebite

    Hildegarde von Bingen (12th century): pulmonary Cathars

    Dodoans:

    Mattioli (1566): Rheumatism, Gout

    Language:

    Simon Pauli:

    Van Swieten:

    Tragus:

    Chomel (1782): respiratory problems, Digestion

    Roques (1838): Dyspepsia, digestion, menstruation

    Cazin (1850): febrifuge, catarrh, leucorrhea

    Madaus (1838): against Bacterium coli (berry juice)

    Ethnopharmacology:

    antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory, astringent and antiseptic, abdominal disorders.

    Tuberculosis: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium aurum

    Berries: Carminative, urinary antiseptic, diuretic, emmenagogue, sudorific, digestive and anti-inflammatory

    Aerial parts: Acute and chronic cystitis, albuminuria, catarrh of the bladder, renal suppression, leucorrhea and amenorrhea.

    Fruits: Antiseptic, stimulant, disinfectant, styptic, chronic Bright's disease, migraine, dropsy, rheumatic and painful swellings, haemorrhoids and infantile tuberculosis.

    Bark: Childhood nephrotic dropsy, asthma, gonorrhoea, pulmonary blennorrhoea, arthritis, respiratory complaints, diabetes, bladder complaints, chronic pyelonephritis, cough, abdominal complaints and skin complaints.

    Studies and references

    Gemmotherapy

    Henry Pol. Gemmotherapy, therapeutic with plant embryonic extracts. Author's edition. Brussels, 1982.

    reference studies on traditional uses:

    N. Gumral, DD Kumbul, F. Aylak, M. Saygin, and E. Savik, “Juniperus communis Linn oil decreases oxidative stress and increases antioxidant enzymes in the heart of rats administered a diet rich in cholesterol,” Toxicology and Industrial Health, 2013.

    S. Banerjee, H. Singh, and TK Chatterjee, “Evaluation of anti-diabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic potential of methanolic extract of Juniperus Communis (L.) in streptozotocinnicotinamide induced diabetic rats,” International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. P10–P17, 2013.

    Phytotherapy in general:

    On the anti-tuberculosis effect of juniper:

    Gordien AY, Gray AI, Franzblau SG, Seidel V. Antimycobacterial terpenoids from Juniperus communis L. (Cuppressaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Dec 10;126(3):500-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.09.007. Epub 2009 Sep 13. PMID: 19755141.

    Conclusion: The presence of antimycobacterial terpenoids in the aerial parts and roots of Juniperus communis justifies, to a certain extent, the ethnomedicine use of this species as a traditional anti-tuberculosis remedy.

    On melanomas:

    Gao HW, Huang XF, Yang TP, Chang KF, Yeh LW, Hsieh MC, Weng JC, Tsai NM. Juniperus communis Suppresses Melanoma Tumorigenesis by Inhibiting Tumor Growth and Inducing Apoptosis. Am J Chin Med. 2019;47(5):1171-1191. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X19500605. Epub 2019 Jul 17. PMID: 31315419.

    Conclusion: Based on these results, this study suggests that JCo extract suppresses tumor growth and induces apoptosis, and JCo extract may be useful for the prevention of melanoma tumorigenesis.

    On oral cancer:

    Lee CC, Hsiao CY, Lee SC, Huang XF, Chang KF, Lee MS, Hsieh MC, Tsai NM. Suppression of oral cancer by induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis using Juniperus communis extract. Biosci Rep. 2020 Sep 30;40(9):BSR20202083. doi: 10.1042/BSR20202083. PMID: 32856711; PMCID: PMC7477317.

    Conclusion: Juniperus communis may have the potential to be an adjuvant and novel therapeutic drug for the treatment of oral cancer.

    Genoprotective, antioxidant, antifungal and anti-inflammatory potential of the hydroalcoholic extract of Juniperus communis L.

    Fierascu I, Ungureanu C, Avramescu SM, Cimpeanu C, Georgescu MI, Fierascu RC, Ortan A, Sutan AN, Anuta V, Zanfirescu A, Dinu-Pirvu CE, Velescu BS. Genoprotective, antioxidant, antifungal and anti-inflammatory evaluation of hydroalcoholic extract of wild-growing Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) native to Romanian southern sub-Carpathian hills. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Jan 4;18(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-2066-8. PMID: 29301523; PMC ID: PMC5755145.

    Conclusion: Total terpenoids, phenolics and flavonoids were estimated at 13.44 ± 0.14 mg linalool equivalent, 19.23 ± 1.32 mg gallic acid equivalent and 5109.6 ± 21.47 mg rutin equivalent per 100 g of excerpt, respectively. GC-MS characterization of the juniper extract identified 57 volatile compounds in the sample, while HPLC analysis revealed the presence of the selected compounds (α-pinene, chlorogenic acid, rutin, apigenin, quercitin). The antioxidant potential of the crude extract was found to be 81.63 ± 0.38% (measured by DPPH method). The results of the antifungal activity test (for Aspergillus niger and Penicillium hirsutum) were 21.6 mm, respectively 17.2 mm as the zone of inhibition. The test results demonstrated the genoprotective potential of the undiluted extract of J. communis, inhibiting the mitodepressive effect of ethanol. The anti-inflammatory action of juniper extract, administered in the form of microemulsion in the acute-dextran model, was increased compared to the model induced by subacute inflammation with kaolin.

    N. Rana and S. Bais, Neuroprotective effect of J. communis in Parkinson disease induced animal models [MS thesis in Pharmacy], Pharmacology Department, Punjab Technical University, Punjab, India, 2014.

    S. Banerjee, A. Mukherjee, and TK Chatterjee, “Evaluation of analgesic activities of methanolic extract of medicinal plant Juniperus communis Linn,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 4, no. 5, p. 547–550, 2012.

    Manvi and GP Garg, “Screening and evaluation of pharmacognostic, phytochemical and hepatoprotective activity of J. communis L. Stems,” International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, 2010.

    S. Pepeljnjak, I. Kosalec, Z. Kalodera, and N. Blažević, “Antimicrobial activity of juniper berry essential oil (Juniperus communis L., Cupressaceae),” Acta Pharmaceutica, vol. 55, no. 4, p. 417–422, 2005

    M. Akdogan, A. Koyu, M. Ciris, and K. Yildiz, “Anti-hypercholesterolemic activity of J. communis Oil in rats: a biochemical and histopathological investigation,” Biomedical Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 321–328, 2012.

    SC Sati and S. Joshi, “Antibacterial potential of leaf extracts of Juniperus communis L. from Kumaun Himalaya,” African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 4, no. 12, p. 1291–1294, 2010.

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